A black civil rights leader who led a struggle against anti-black segregation and racism in Canada in the 1940s will be the first Canadian woman to figure on a banknote.
Viola Desmond will appear on the Canadian $10 bill -replacing the nation’s first prime minister John A Macdonald who will be moved to a higher bill - when new banknotes go into circulation in 2018.
A successful businesswoman from a middle-class family, Desmond is best known for refusing to give up her seat in the "whites only" section of a cinema in Canada’s eastern province of Nova Scotia in 1946.
She was eventually dragged out of the segregated cinema by police, arrested, held in prison overnight, and forced to pay a fine, all for refusing to move to the upstairs balcony reserved for black people.
She was criminally charged with not paying a small tax that would apply on a downstairs ticket. But instead of letting the matter rest, Desmond decided to fight her conviction in court.
Her case was the first legal challenge by a black woman against segregation laws in Canada.
Desmond, who died in 1965, is often compared to Rosa Parks - the civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat at the front of the bus in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955.
segregation：隔離、種族隔離。例句：Segregation are fuelling inequality in some areas of Britain.（族群隔離助長了英國部分地區的不平等。）
go into circulation：發行、流通。例句：Venezuela’s new currency will go into circulation on Dec. 15.（委內瑞拉將於12月15日發行新貨幣。）
conviction：定罪、說服、確信。例句：The story of her sufferings would carry conviction to anyone who heard it.（任何聽聞她苦難的人都會相信。）