◎魏國金

 

A black civil rights leader who led a struggle against anti-black segregation and racism in Canada in the 1940s will be the first Canadian woman to figure on a banknote.

一名在1940年代領導加拿大反黑人種族隔離與種族主義的黑人民權領袖,將成為加國首位印在紙鈔上的女性人物。

 

Viola Desmond will appear on the Canadian $10 bill -replacing the nation’s first prime minister John A Macdonald who will be moved to a higher bill - when new banknotes go into circulation in 2018.

薇奧拉.戴斯蒙將出現在10元紙鈔上,取代加國首位總理麥唐納,他將被移印至較高面額的紙鈔上。新紙鈔將於2018年發行。

 

A successful businesswoman from a middle-class family, Desmond is best known for refusing to give up her seat in the "whites only" section of a cinema in Canada’s eastern province of Nova Scotia in 1946.

戴斯蒙是中產階級家庭出身的成功女企業家,她最為人所知的事跡,是1946年在加國東部新斯科舍省一家電影院裡,拒絕讓出她在「白人專區」的座位。

 

She was eventually dragged out of the segregated cinema by police, arrested, held in prison overnight, and forced to pay a fine, all for refusing to move to the upstairs balcony reserved for black people.

她最後被警察拖出這家實施種族隔離的戲院,被逮捕並在監獄過了一夜,還被迫繳納罰款,一切都是因為拒絕移駕至保留給黑人的樓上座區。

 

She was criminally charged with not paying a small tax that would apply on a downstairs ticket. But instead of letting the matter rest, Desmond decided to fight her conviction in court.

她因為沒有支付對樓下票徵收的微稅而遭刑事起訴。但戴斯蒙不願息事寧人,決定在法院裡爭取平反。

 

Her case was the first legal challenge by a black woman against segregation laws in Canada.

她的訴訟是加拿大第一起由黑人女性對種族隔離法提出的法律挑戰。

 

Desmond, who died in 1965, is often compared to Rosa Parks - the civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat at the front of the bus in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955.

1965年辭世的戴斯蒙常被拿來與蘿莎.帕克斯相提並論,這位民權領袖1955年在美國阿拉巴馬州蒙哥馬利市的一輛巴士內,拒絕讓出她的前排座位而知名。

 

新聞辭典

 

segregation:隔離、種族隔離。例句:Segregation are fuelling inequality in some areas of Britain.(族群隔離助長了英國部分地區的不平等。)

 

go into circulation:發行、流通。例句:Venezuela’s new currency will go into circulation on Dec. 15.(委內瑞拉將於12月15日發行新貨幣。)

 

conviction:定罪、說服、確信。例句:The story of her sufferings would carry conviction to anyone who heard it.(任何聽聞她苦難的人都會相信。)

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